Niger Seed Oil Processing

Niger seed oil is an essential oil that is obtained from Niger plant seeds. The Niger plant is commonly grown in the Ethiopian highlands. However, nowadays the plant is common in other countries including India, Mexico, Nepal, and other parts of Southeast Asia. The plant is becoming popular around the world due to its oil nutritional value. The Niger plant produces flowers, and each flower gives rise to approximately 50 seeds.
niger seed oil

Niger oil seed extraction

The extraction of Niger seed oil varies in different places. The Ethiopians utilize the traditional method which involves grinding Niger seeds into powder form. Hot water is then added to the powder formed while stirring. The stirring process makes the oil float on the surface. The oil gets scooped off. Currently, Niger seed oil is extracted using the mechanized oil expeller machines. The Indians use the traditional bullock-drawn "Ghanis" to remove the oil. The process is carried out in a small rotary mill. Other options include the use of screw presses or hydraulic press. Typically, Niger oil that is locally produced has a short shelf-life. The storage life of the oil can be prolonged by heating and storing in an airtight container.
Niger seed oil storage
The presence of unsaturated fatty acids in Niger oil affects its shelf-life. The moisture content of the oil should be kept low to prevent degradation by molds and other pests. The recommended humidity is below eight percent

Health benefits of Niger seed oil

The Niger essential oil has many health benefits. The uses range from cooking to use as a remedy for medical conditions such as skin problems. The following are the advantages of Niger essential oil:
  • Niger essential oil boost cures skin conditions
The essential oil can be used in the management of various skin diseases. Niger oil can be employed in the management of various conditions such as scabies and eczema. The linoleic acid which is a constituent of the oil protects the skin from possible diseases.
  • The oil is full of body important nutrients
Niger seed oil is full of body essential nutrients such as niacin, ascorbic acid, and fibers among others. The various nutrients qualify the oil use in a wide range of applications.
  • Niger seed oil is full of nutrients
The human body needs various essential minerals to function properly. Niger seed oil is rich in the essential oils such as zinc, magnesium, potassium, and sodium which are vital for the proper functioning of the body.
  • The oil is a great adulterant
Niger seed oil can be used in combination with other oils. Oils from sesame and rapeseed can be adulterated using Niger seed oil without causing any degradation. The oil mixes with other oils to give a fantastic flavor.
  • Niger oil is good at maintaining normal cardiac health
Patients with heart problems can benefit from the use of the essential oil. Niger seed oil is an excellent replacement of olive oil. Patients suffering from heart diseases should use Niger seeds oil for processes such as cooking meals and even in preparing a salad.
  • Niger seed oil provides the body with a healthy weight gain
The oil’s constituents such as fatty acids and protein are important for a liable weight gain. The essential is harmless to the body.
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